The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) went into effect in 2009, and some individuals have sued companies under it.

“Employers need to be aware that GINA prohibits requesting family medical history,” said David Lopez, general counsel of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission: “When illegal questions are required as part of the hiring process, the EEOC will be vigilant to ensure that no one be denied a job on a prohibited basis.”

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